Efficiency and Refinement: Ford Powerstroke 3.0L
The Ford 3.0 L Powerstroke engine or the Lion engine is a 3.0L V6 engine that was introduced in 2018 in one of the most established trucks – the Ford F150. The main objective of the Lion engine was increased efficiency and refinement.
It is EPA rated to achieve up to 30 mpg on the highway, 25 mpg on the city and a combined efficiency of 22 mpg. This engine was manufactured by Ford and PSA Peugeot Citroën years ago but was further redesigned and re-engineered by Ford for their pickup trucks. That is how it received the Power Stroke badge.
3.0 Powerstroke Break Down
The engine block is made of compacted graphite iron casting, a new forged crankshaft, with specific rod and crank bearings and a variable geometry turbocharger. The single variable geometry turbocharger features electronically actuated VGT vanes. It also features a ball bearing design. The engine is coupled to the 10-speed automatic transmission which is the only available option.
There are dual camshafts that are belt driven and the lifters are hydraulic, requiring no maintenance. The engine has two cooling fans: a mechanical one attached to the engine and an electric one in front of the radiator. Similar to that of 6.7L Power Stroke, the 3.0L engine is also provided with piston cooling jet which jets a stream of oil from the bottom of the piston during operation to improve longevity of the components and lower the piston temperature.
The 3.0 Powerstroke has belt-driven high-pressure fuel pumps found on the rear of the engine and are driven by the left-hand intake camshaft which pumps up fuel through two fuel filters.
Let’s Talk About Power
In terms of refinement, the 3.0L V6 is surprisingly quiet for a diesel engine until the hood is popped open. Even at maximum acceleration and at 70 mph cruising, the engine is still remarkably quiet. Though the power figure seems to be low at 250hp, the engine will be producing 440 lb-ft of torque even at a low rpm as 1750.
The 10-speed automatic transmission is provided with 5 modes: Normal, Sport, Eco, Tow/Haul and Offroad. Out of the 10 forward speeds, the final three are overdrive ratios. It is also found in various GM models as it was co-developed with GM Motors.
The adaptive shift schedule persistently adjusts shift points with the help of real-time conditions and inputs. Fuel efficiency is maximized with short steps between gear shifts and it does not compromise the peak engine torque. The engine is also available in two (2x4) and four-wheel drive (4x4) drivetrain configurations and SuperCrew/SuperCab designs in select trims; a single cab model is not available with the diesel option.
The emission components associated with 3.0L Power Stroke are Cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), diesel particulate filter (DPF), selective catalytic reduction (SCR) with diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) very much similar to that of 6.7L Power Stroke. A number of sensors along with these components help the engine meet the emissions regulations.
Your Thoughts on the 3.0 Powerstroke
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